In reply: Blu-ray beyond music and movies—novel approach to diagnostics measuring specific extracellular vesicles
Letter to the Editor

In reply: Blu-ray beyond music and movies—novel approach to diagnostics measuring specific extracellular vesicles

Yasuaki Kabe1,2, Makoto Itonaga1,3, Hiroshi Handa4

1Department of Biochemistry, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan; 2Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development (AMED), Core Research for Evolutional Science and Technology (CREST), Japan; 3Healthcare Business Division, JVCKENWOOD Corporation, Yokosuka, Japan; 4Department of Nanoparticle Translational Research, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, Japan

Correspondence to: Yasuaki Kabe. Department of Biochemistry, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160-8582, Japan. Email: ykabe@z3.keio.jp.

Provenance: This is an Invited article commissioned by our Section Editor Min Yang (Department of Laboratory Medicine, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China).

Response to: Kristensen SR, Botha J, Handberg A. Bluray beyond music and movies—novel approach to diagnostics measuring specific extracellular vesicles. J Lab Precis Med 2018;3:84.


Received: 14 November 2018; Accepted: 13 December 2018; Published: 21 December 2018.

doi: 10.21037/jlpm.2018.12.04


We are grateful to Kristensen et al. (1) for reviewing our study describing a novel approach to diagnostics measuring specific extracellular vesicles (exosomes), called ExoCounter, based on optical disc and nano-bead technology, which was recently published in Clinical Chemistry (2).

The authors emphasized the potential of ExoCounter as a method to detect and quantify specific exosomes, and they pointed out several concerns regarding the characteristics of our equipment. One of the concerns regarding detection with ExoCounter was its performance on samples with considerably high concentrations of exosomes, such as in diseased states. The ExoCounter can detect a range of concentrations of exosome particles (1×103/L to 5×105/L) with high linearity (Figure 1). However, as they have pointed out, at high concentrations of exosomes (7×105/L, Figure 1, marked in circle), the number of exosomes detected was slightly decreased compared with the linearity line for the detection. This may occur because some exosomes on the disc are closely bound to other exosomes, or due to an increase in the number of single nano-beads that bind two exosomes. Therefore, if the concentrations were significantly high, an appropriate dilution would be necessary for the precise detection of exosomes. Regarding the concentration of exosomes in diseased states, the number of the CD9/CD63-positive ubiquitous exosomes in sera, irrespective of whether they were derived from healthy donors or diseased patients, was 0.5–2×105/L, which was within the linear range (2). Furthermore, the number of disease-specific exosomes was considerably smaller than that of total exosomes. Furthermore, we showed that the concentration of the cancer-specific exosomes such as CD147- or HER2-positive exosomes (0.1–1×104/L) was less than that of the CD9/CD63-positive ubiquitous exosomes in cancer patient sera (2). Thus, we believe that the ExoCounter adequately covers the measurement range required for the clinical samples.

Figure 1 Quantification of exosomes using the ExoCounter. HCT116-exosomes were incubated on discs coated with anti-CD9 antibody, and subsequently treated with anti-CD9 antibody-conjugated nano-beads (FG beads).

The authors have also pointed out the lack of unique markers of cancer exosomes for cancer diagnosis. While we showed that the HER2-positive exosomes specifically increased in exosomes derived from ovarian or breast cancer patients, it is well-known that 25–30% of HER2 overexpression is found in invasive breast cancers, and its expression is an important factor in determining the treatment regimen, such as Herceptin for targeting HER2 (3). Therefore, further studies using fresh well-characterized blood samples of cancer patients are necessary for utilization in specific diagnostic uses. In addition, the study will be aimed at improving diagnostic accuracy by combining the detection of HER2 exosomes and other types of specific exosomes. This type of multiple-marker detection with the ExoCounter can be performed by preparing varied antibody-sets (sets of disc and nano-bead antibodies) for each well of the disc. Thus, these analyses would provide a novel insight into the development of precise diagnostics or determination of treatment regimen for breast or ovarian cancer patients. Finally, the ExoCounter is commercially available from JVCKENWOOD Corp. (http://healthcare.jvc.com/exosome/).


Acknowledgements

We thank Mr. Kouji Tsujita and Ms. Katsue Horikoshi at JVCKENWOOD Corporation for performing experiments for Figure 1.


Footnote

Conflicts of Interest: The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.


References

  1. Kristensen SR, Botha J, Handberg A. Bluray beyond music and movies—novel approach to diagnostics measuring specific extracellular vesicles. J Lab Precis Med 2018;3:84. [Crossref]
  2. Kabe Y, Suematsu M, Sakamoto S, et al. Development of a Highly Sensitive Device for Counting the Number of Disease-Specific Exosomes in Human Sera. Clin Chem 2018;64:1463-73. [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. Lohrisch C, Piccart M. HER2/neu as a predictive factor in breast cancer. Clin Breast Cancer 2001;2:129-35; discussion 136-7. [Crossref] [PubMed]
doi: 10.21037/jlpm.2018.12.04
Cite this article as: Kabe Y, Itonaga M, Handa H. In reply: Blu-ray beyond music and movies—novel approach to diagnostics measuring specific extracellular vesicles. J Lab Precis Med 2018;3:104.