Article Abstract

Demographic characteristics of newly diagnosed HIV-seropositive patients: a single-center retrospective analysis

Authors: Zhi-Qi Wu, Xiang Zhang, Hemant Goyal, Hua-Guo Xu


Background: To characterize the HIV-seropositive patients who underwent HIV screening and counseling in a Chinese general hospital and to provide evidence for the HIV/AIDS prevention and control strategy in China. Methods: We retrospective analyzed data of all the patients who were screened for HIV infection and found to be HIV-positive in our hospital from January 2010 to December 2016. The demographic and social characteristics of the HIV-seropositive patients were described in order to estimate the risk factors.
Results: Among 611,445 patients who were screened for HIV, 329 cases were confirmed to be HIV-positive by Western blot test. These patients were predominantly male, accounting for 83.59% (275/329) of cases. Majority of male patients 82.91% (228/275) acquired HIV infection via sexually transmitted route and about 122 male patients (53.51%) were homosexual. The female gender accounted for only 16.41% (54/329) and 77.78% (42/54) of them were infected by a male partner.
Conclusions: Our results showed the MSM (men who have sex with men), females and adults over 65 years old have different sexual and psychosocial characteristics and these characteristics should be taken into account for HIV prevention, intervention and treatment when preventative strategies of HIV/AIDS shift from high-risk groups to the general population in China.